Public health guidance on active case finding of communicable diseases in prison settings


What are the most (cost-) effective ways to prevent and control communicable diseases in prison settings? In their joint public health Guidance, ECDC and the EMCDDA, present the evidence on active case finding as a key measure to diagnose communicable diseases early. The two agencies advise to actively offer testing for hepatitis B, hepatitis C and HIV to all people in prison and to conduct universal testing for tuberculosis at prison entry.

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Table of contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Background
  3. Guidance development
  4. Conclusions
  5. Implications for public health practice and research
  6. Next steps