Cannabis cultivation and trafficking in the Western Balkans


The study aimed to collect the latest information on cannabis production and trafficking routes in the Western Balkan region by developing an analysis that encompasses both a national and a regional perspective on the following aspects: (i) the role of each of the beneficiary countries and the region in terms of production, transit and destination of herbal cannabis, and how this has changed in recent years; (ii) smuggling routes within the Western Balkans and outside (to EU and non-EU countries), and recent developments; and (iii) production features.

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Cannabis cultivation and trafficking in the Western Balkans

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This Background paper was commissioned by the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA), through the Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance (IPA) 7 project (contract CT.20.IPA7.0182.1.0). We are grateful for the valuable contribution of the author. The paper has been cited within various reports and is also being made available online for those who would like further information on the topic. However, the views, interpretations and conclusions set out in this publication are those of the authors and are not necessarily those of the EMCDDA or its partners, any EU Member State or any agency or institution of the European Union.