Cannabis laws in Europe: questions and answers for policymaking


This publication answers some of the more frequently asked questions raised in discussions about cannabis legislation. While the primary focus is on the use of cannabis for recreational purposes, relevant legislation for other uses, including medical and commercial cannabis-derived products such as cosmetics, wellness products and foods, is included in order to provide the necessary context for various policy initiatives.

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Table of contents

  • Introduction
  • PART 1: Why is defining cannabis important?
  • PART 2: What are countries’ international obligations to control cannabis?
  • PART 3: How do EU countries respond to illegal use and supply of cannabis?
  • PART 4: Is there a trend towards cannabis regulation in Europe — and if so, why?
  • PART 5: What laws cover medical and commercial cannabis-derived products?
  • Conclusions
  • Abbreviations
  • References
  • Resources
  • Acknowledgements