Cannabis production and markets in Europe


This study brings together available evidence to provide a comprehensive analysis of cannabis production and markets across the EU. It combines information from EMCDDA routine reporting — data on patterns of prevalence and use, seizures, police reports, drug-law offences, cannabis potency and retail market prices — with literature on cannabis markets to create an in-depth analysis of the issue in a European context.

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Table of contents

  • Foreword
  • Acknowledgements
  • Introduction: The European cannabis market in context   
  • Chapter 1: Botany and cultivation of cannabis
  • Chapter 2: Producing for the European markets  
  • Chapter 3: Domestic supply in Europe 
  • Chapter 4: Cannabis potency in Europe  
  • Chapter 5: The demand for cannabis in Europe
  • Chapter 6: Responses to cannabis supply in Europe  
  • Concluding remarks: what we know and what we don’t know about the market for Europe’s most commonly consumed illicit psychoactive substance 
  • Appendix   
  • References