The internet and drug markets


The last decade has seen the emergence of new internet technologies that have acted as important facilitators of online drug markets. The internet now hosts a range of virtual marketplaces (both on the surface and deep web) for selling and buying illicit substances, as well as representing a new arena for health and law enforcement interventions. This first EMCDDA investigation into the world of online drug markets brings together state-of-the-art input from over 20 experts — from academia, journalism and frontline practice — and contributes to the knowledge base on this part of the supply chain.

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Table of contents

  • Foreword
  • Executive summary
  • Acknowledgements
    • CHAPTER 1: The internet and drug markets: shining a light on these complex and dynamic systems
      Jane Mounteney, Alberto Oteo and Paul Griffiths
  • SECTION I: Dark net cryptomarkets
    • CHAPTER 2: Cryptomarkets and the future of illicit drug markets
      Judith Aldridge and David Décary-Hétu
    • CHAPTER 3: Tor and links with cryptomarkets
      Andrew Lewman
    • CHAPTER 4: Staying in the shadows: the use of bitcoin and encryption in cryptomarkets
      Joseph Cox
    • CHAPTER 5: Reputation is everything: the role of ratings, feedback and reviews in cryptomarkets
      Joseph Cox
  • SECTION II: Dark net markets — key actor perspectives
    • CHAPTER 6: Silk Road: insights from interviews with users and vendors
      Eileen Ormsby
    • CHAPTER 7: The emergence of deep web marketplaces: a health perspective
      Fernando Caudevilla
    • CHAPTER 8: The drug trade on the deep web: a law enforcement perspective
      Joost van Slobbe
    • CHAPTER 9: How the use of the internet is affecting drug trafficking practices
      Anita Lavorgna
  • SECTION III: Surface web markets and social media
    • CHAPTER 10: A method for exploring the number of online shops selling new psychoactive substances: initial I-TREND project results
      Magali Martinez, Daniela Kmetonyová and Vendula Běláčková
    • CHAPTER 11: Online supply of medicines to illicit drug markets: situation and responses
      Lynda Scammell and Alessandra Bo
    • CHAPTER 12: Social media and drug markets
      Danica Thanki and Brian Frederick
  • SECTION IV: Insights and implications
    • CHAPTER 13: What is the future for internet drug markets?
      Jane Mounteney, Paul Griffiths and Liesbeth Vandam
  • Glossary