Exploring drug supply, associated violence and exploitation of vulnerable groups in Denmark


This report provides an analysis of current drug supply models and the related violence and exploitation of vulnerable groups in Denmark. Recent years have seen a growth in criminals’ exploitation of vulnerable groups for drug-related crimes. This development appears to be driven by several structural factors, including increased drug market competition and a proliferation of more labour-intensive supply models. Based on the findings of this study, we identify some priorities for future research to understand the impact of digital developments in retail-level drug distribution on vulnerable individuals and to inform responses to reduce criminal exploitation.

This paper was commissioned by the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) and produced under contract No CT.19.SAS.0086.1.0. We are grateful for the valuable contribution of the authors.

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Table of contents

  • Acknowledgements
  • Executive summary
  • Background
  • Methodology
  • Theoretical framework: exploring exploitation
  • Results
    • Drug markets and exploitation in Denmark: structural factors
    • Drug sales
    • Stashing drugs
    • Street stashing
    • Transportation of drugs
    • Technologically facilitated drug markets
    • Home takeovers
    • Foreign nationals and asylum seekers
    • Impacts of COVID-19
  • Conclusion
    • Policy responses
  • References
  • Appendix: Survey questions