Systematic review on active case finding of communicable diseases in prison settings


A higher prevalence of communicable diseases among people in prison compared with the general public is recognised as a public health issue as well as a major concern for the people affected, as the majority of incarcerated people return to their communities. Active case finding is a key prevention measure to promote early diagnosis, treatment and to prevent further disease transmission. The objective of this report is to systematically review the evidence on active case finding in prison settings, with a focus on the European Union (EU) and the European Economic Area (EEA) region. The communicable diseases targeted by this review were not selected a priori, but identified through the retrieved evidence.

The appendices can be found as a separate document here.

Download as PDF

Table of contents

  • Executive summary 
  • Background
  • Review methods
  • Review results
  • Hepatitis
  • Sexually transmitted infections
  • Tuberculosis
  • Discussion
  • Conclusions
  • Next steps
  • References